Greater amounts and expanded variety of fruits and vegetables are needed at federally funded U.S. Department of Agriculture daycare facilities for children and adults, according to a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Along with more fruits and vegetables, the report said and snacks also should contain less fat, added sugars and salt.

The IOM recommendations would bring nutrition standards at the Child and Adult Care Food Program /care match up with current nutrition science and dietary guidelines employed in other federal feeding programs, according to an IOM news release.

The USDA food program serves 3 million children and 114,000 adults at family daycare homes, traditional child care centers and similar facilities.

The IOM report, sponsored by the USDA, specifies a minimum amount of foods in each meal and excludes soft drinks and candy. The recommendations specify one serving of fruit and two of vegetables, whether fresh, frozen, canned or dried. The IOM also states that the amount of dark green and orange vegetables served should increase.

The IOM study comes on the heels of a Produce for Better Health Foundation analysis that found a disparity in the amount spent by USDA on fruits and vegetables relative to their importance in the diet. USDA’s annual spending was targeted at 18% for grains and 54.7% for meats but only 9.8% for fruits and vegetables. In contrast, fruits and vegetables account for 41% of recommended food servings, compared with 28% for grains and 8.3% for meats.

The GAP analysis report said the overall share of federal spending for fruits and vegetables is 19.8% of the total for all food groups, less than half of its 41% share of recommended food servings.