Potato and other vegetable prices are up sharply over last year, but fruit prices are down, according to a new government report.

Potatoes averaged $9.95 per cwt. in March, $2.53 more than in March 2010, and the non-potato vegetable price index rose 34% from the year before, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service’s March 30 Agricultural Prices report.

Potato and non-vegetable prices in March also were up from February — potatoes by 7% and non-potato vegetables by 3.3%.

The fruit and nut price index for March was 5.3% lower than the year before, but 3.6% higher than February.

In the vegetable category, prices were up in March on lettuce, carrots, snap beans, cauliflower and other commodities. Celery, onion, sweet corn and tomato prices fell.

Fruits that saw price gains included oranges, apples and lemons. Prices were lower on strawberries, grapefruit, pears and other fruits.