Potato production was up and citrus production down in 2009, according to recent reports from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

About 431 million cwt. of potatoes were produced in the U.S. in 2009, down slightly from a January estimate but still 4% higher than the 2008 crop, according to Potatoes 2009 Summary, released Sept. 23 by the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

The average spud yield of 414 cwt. per acre was a record, up 18 cwt. from 2008, the previous record high, according to the report. At 1.04 million acres, harvested acreage was down 1% in 2009.

Utilized citrus production for the 2009-10 season was 10.9 million tons, 8% less than in 2008-2009, according to Citrus Fruits 2010 Summary, also released Sept. 23 by the National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Florida accounted for 65% of all citrus production in 2009-10, California for 31% and Texas and Arizona 4% combined.

At 134 million boxes, Florida’s orange production was down 18% from the year before, according to the report. Grapefruit production, at 20.3 million boxes, was down 6%.

California produced about 56.5 million boxes of oranges in 2009-10, 22% more than the season before. Grapefruit production fell 13% and lemon production 2%.