Spring fresh vegetable and melon acreage is expected to increase this year, but strawberry and onion acreage is projected to be down.

About 199,100 acres of 11 leading fresh-markets vegetables are expected to be harvested this spring, 1% more than last spring, according to an April report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Melon acreage, projected at 74,050 acres, is up 6% from last spring. And strawberry production, on an anticipated 48,300 acres, is expected to be down 4% from a year ago.

Fewer onions are expected to be harvested both this spring and in 2010 as a whole, according to the report. At a projected 25,900 acres, spring onion acreage would be down 5% from 2009.

Onion acreage for the year is expected to be 154,010 acres, 2% fewer than in 2009.

In the category of 11 leading non-onion/non-potato fresh-market vegetables, spring acreage increases for snap beans, cabbage, cauliflower, sweet corn and cucumbers are expected to more than offset acreage declines in broccoli, carrots, bell peppers, tomatoes and asparagus, according to the report.

Spring snap bean acreage is expected to increase 16%, cabbage 8%, cauliflower 5%, sweet corn 4% and cucumbers 13%.

Spring broccoli acreage is projected to fall 6%, carrots 9%, bell peppers 3%, tomatoes 4% and asparagus 3%.

Celery and head lettuce acreage should remain unchanged from spring 2009, the USDA reports. About 32,000 acres of head lettuce and 6,000 of celery are expected to be planted.

In the melon category, honeydew acreage is expected to climb 5% this spring, and watermelon acreage 14%. Cantaloupe acreage is down 5% from last year.