U.S. apple production is expected to be up, but grape production down, in 2009, according to the latest estimate from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

In a crop production report released Oct. 9, the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service projects a jump in commercial apple production from 9.8 billion pounds in 2008 to 10 billion pounds in 2009. About 9.1 billion pounds were produced in 2007.

Apple production is expected to be up in top-producing states including New York, Michigan and Pennsylvania. Volumes are projected to climb from 1.25 to 1.29 billion pounds in New York, from 600 million to 1.2 billion pounds in Michigan and from 440 to 485 million pounds in Pennsylvania.

Production will likely be down in Washington, California and Virginia, according to the USDA. In Washington, volumes are expected to fall from 5.8 to 5.6 billion pounds (following a record-breaking year); in California, from 360 to 330 million pounds; and in Virginia, from 230 to 200 million pounds.

U.S. grape production is expected to drop from 7.3 million tons in 2008 to 7 million tons in 2009. California table production also is expected to fall, from 972,000 tons in 2008 to 850,000 tons in 2009.