(Sept. 12) PERU, N.Y. — With dozens of apple varieties making their way into supermarkets, it might not be easy for consumers to remember which ones are their favorites. The New York Apple Association, Fishers, hopes a new poster can help.

The association created a poster, “A-to-Z History of New York State Apples,” which could be displayed in a produce department. Measuring 20 inches by 30 inches, the poster has pictures of and information about 21 varieties that are grown in the state.

Nearly one in every five New York-grown apples is a mcintosh, said Peter Gregg, spokesman for the association. Empires are about 10% of total production in the state, and they are becoming increasingly popular due to the success growers are having with using the ethylene blocker 1-methylcyclopropene, or MCP, to extend their shelf-life, Gregg said.

“We can deliver crunchy, top-quality empires almost 12 months a year,” he said. “It’s one of the varieties that stores the best.”

Growers in New York typically begin harvesting empires in late September, Gregg said.

In the Hudson Valley, Dan Albinder, vice president of Hudson River Fruit Distributors, Milton, said his company’s main varieties are empire, mcintosh and red delicious, although it is adding more bicolor varieties, such as honeycrisp. The company was harvesting paulareds and ginger golds on Aug. 20.

In nearby Clintondale, W.G. Minard & Sons Inc. was packing jonagolds on Aug. 20. It had harvested and packed ginger golds the previous week, said Doug Minard, owner. The company also grows empires, many of which it exports to the European market.

In the Champlain Valley, Forrence Orchards Inc, Peru, was harvesting and packing paulareds on Aug. 21. They are typically harvested for about one week, said Peter Forrence, vice president.

Mcintosh apples are about 90% of Forrence Orchards’ volume. The next largest variety is cortland, which is typically harvested beginning Oct. 1. Honeycrisp is about 2% of its total volume, but it’s an important variety in the region, Forrence said.

“We’re enthusiastic about the variety,” he said. “It’s a variety that grows best in northern climates.”

Still, honeycrisp apples are expensive to grow, harvest, pack and sell, Forrence said. They must be picked more often than other apple trees, as many as four or five times a season. They are typically picked from mid-September to mid-October, Forrence said.

Cortlands, in comparison, are typically picked only twice in a season, he said.

Fowler Bros. Inc., Wolcott, markets 23 varieties, but most of its volume is in the mcintosh, red delicious, empire, gala and crispin varieties, said Lee Peters, vice president of sales and marketing. Peters said Fowler Bros. is one of a few growers that are producing the new Zestar variety, which was developed at the University of Minnesota, where the honeycrisp was developed.

The company is expected to ship between 25,000 and 40,000 cartons of Zestar, with harvest beginning in late August.