The California Department of Food and Agriculture has completed its environmental impact report for the light brown apple moth.
The report, which is required under the California Environmental Quality Act, shows that it is unlikely that proposed control measures for the pest would harm humans or the environment, according to a news release.
One control option is mating disruption, where an area is flooded with a pheromone that mimics the female moth's scent.
Male moths become confused and can't find a female with which to mate. Eventually the population dies out due to lack of reproduction.
The report also stated that the mating disruption approach posed far less potential harm to humans and the environment compared to widespread pesticide use.
The other alternative is sterile moth release, where an area is inundated with sterilized male moths. The odds of females finding a wild mate with which to reproduce are significantly reduced.
The state is not considering aerial application of the pheromone. Instead, the two options are using pheromone-laced twist-ties that are attached to plants or release of sterile moths. The sterile release program is the preferred alternative, according to the EIR.
To read the EIR, visit http://www.cdfa.ca.gov.