Dr. Carol Swain testified before the House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Immigration,  etc. on "Protecting America's Harvest."  Evidently, Swain feels farmers don't pay workers enough, and thus there's a "manufactured crisis." Here, Dr. Swain, have a manufactured Ding Dong, made in the U.S.A. No foreign labor needed for that commodity...



Dr. Carol M. Swain
Testimony for the
House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees,
Border Security and International Law
September 24, 2010
9:30 am.
Rayburn Room 2237


America does not have a shortage of agricultural workers. Instead, we have a manufactured crisis. According to the Bureau of Labor statistics, the unemployment rate for agricultural workers in August 2010 was 7.9 percent.  Unemployment for them had dropped from a high of 10.8 percent in May.1 Labor economist Philip Martin who has conducted extensive studies of farm labor in the areas of fruit and vegetable production has found rising production in crops and stagnant wages for farm workers. Meanwhile, the cost of household expenditures on fresh fruits and vegetables has remained constant.

If there were truly labor shortages, one would expect rising wages and more attractive working conditions than what one finds. One would not expect to find unemployment rates of 10.8 percent in May and 7.9 percent in August. These unemployment figures indicate that there are native workers actively seeking employment in the sector that includes agricultural workers, forestry, fishing, and hunting.

The majority of agricultural workers have less than a high school education. They work under the most strenuous conditions. Consequently, there is a high turnover rate among them. Agricultural workers often leave the fields and farms for other low-wage, low-skill occupations. There they are more likely to compete directly with low-skilled Americans for a dwindling supply of low-wage jobs.

The humorous “Take Our Jobs Initiative” entirely or perhaps deliberately misses the point. America cannot continue to bring in low-skilled guest workers to compete with its most vulnerable citizens: poor whites, blacks, and legal Hispanics. Often surplus labor that starts in the fields, migrates into other industries. Without this surplus labor, employers would be forced to pay higher wages and many would be forced to improve substandard working conditions.

Instead of paying $8.00 or $9.00 dollars per hour, employers would be forced to pay $12.00 or $13.00. Phil Martin shows that an increase in the wages of farm workers would not substantially increase the average family’s grocery bill.

We should have compassion for our native workers who are suffering from unemployment, job displacement, and stagnant or declining wages. No group suffers more than native-born blacks and Hispanics who have a high school education or less. In the second quarter of 2010, the overall unemployment rate for Americans was at 9.6 percent. However, the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ broader measure of employment, a measure called the U-6, revealed a gloomier picture for all Americans.

The U-6 includes unemployed people who would like to have a job but have not looked recently, and those who hold part-time  positions but who would like to work full-time. Using U- 6 as our measure, we find that the overall unemployment rate for native-workers is a whopping 16.5 percent.3 Low-skilled native-born workers with less than high school education have an overall unemployment rate of 20.8 percent and a U-6 rate of 32.4 percent. Those with only a high school education have an unemployment rate of 20 percent and a U-6 rate of 36 percent. When we turn to racial and ethnic minorities, the picture gets uglier.

Native-born blacks with less than a high school education have an unemployment rate of 29 percent and a U-6 measure of 43 percent. That means almost half of the people who would like to work can’t find jobs that will hire them. Those with a high school diploma fare only slightly better. They have an unemployment rate of 27.4 percent and a U-6 rate of 40.7 percent. When we look at the unemployment rates for Hispanics, the picture improves only slightly. Native-born Hispanics with less than a high school education have an unemployment rate of 22.9 percent and a U-6 rate of 35 percent.

Surprisingly, those with a high school diploma have a slightly higher unemployment rate than the high school dropouts. Their unemployment rate is 23.3 percent with a U-6 rate of 36 percent. The influx of low-skilled guest workers hurt native-born blacks, Hispanics, and poor whites. We do not need additional guest workers until the unemployment rate of native workers approaches zero percent. What we do need is for Democrats and Republicans to join forces in pressing for the enforcement of existing immigration laws. Existing immigration laws make it a crime for employers to hire unauthorized workers knowingly. By enforcing existing laws and regulations, we can provide new opportunities for our native-born workers without waiting forever for immigration reform to make its way through Congress.

What we need is a multi-faceted approach to provide incentives for compliance and tougher penalties for breaking the law. 3 We also need to go one-step further. We need to demand that state, federal, and local authorities take aggressive steps to ensure that all businesses, public and private, participate in the federal E-Verify Program. The E-Verify is a highly effective program for identifying whether workers are eligible to hold a job in the United States. If we expand and make E-Verify and make the program mandatory, we will make it possible for more native-born workers to achieve the American Dream for themselves and their offspring. Unfortunately, the Obama Administration has done little to help native workers.

The Administration has essentially ended workplace enforcement and they have cancelled the rule that would have required employers to act on the “no-match’ letters from the Social Security Administration. These letters would have helped employers identify fraudulent social security numbers. Our nation is in trouble. Ultimately, our success or failure will depend on how much we value and fight to preserve the Rule of Law, the sovereignty of our nation, and the hope that our nation continues to offer to its own citizens as well as the millions of people around the world who would like to live here.


1 Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting: NAICS 11.”
http://www.bls.gov/iag/tgs/iag11.htm [Accessed September 24, 2010].
2 Philip Martin, “Farm Labor Shortages: How Real? What Response,” The Center for Immigration
Studies, Backgrounder Report, November 2007.
3 The data for the U-6 calculations came from Stephen Camarota’s “From Bad to Worse: Unemployment
Among Less Educated U.S. Born Workers, 2007-2010.” Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder
Report, August 2010.